Apr 24, 2020 Statement by the Director of PANCAP Dr Rosmond Adams on International Women’s Day 2020Recognising the Role of Women in our society: Let us all be equal. International Women’s Day (IWD) is celebrated annually on March 8. This year, the theme is: “I am Generation Equality: Realizing Women’s Rights”. The theme is aligned with the United Nations’ Women’s new multigenerational campaign, Generation Equality, which marks the…March 6, 2020In “PANCAP”Observing International Women’s Day 2018 at the CARICOM Secretariat The Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Secretariat joined the world in observing International Women’s Day last Thursday. A Forum under the theme Gender Equality: A Pre requisite for Progress was organised by the Human and Social Development (HSD) Directorate of the Secretariat and the Secretariat’s Staff Association at the Georgetown-based headquarters. In remarks…March 15, 2018In “CARICOM”Time for advocacy, activism – CARICOM Secretariat on International Women’s Day[su_pullquote align=”right”]Many countries in CARICOM have taken ‘bold steps’ to enact legislation to promote the rights of women in conformance with the CEDAW Convention and based on CARICOM Model Legislation in eight areas, namely citizenship, domestic violence, equality for women in employment, equal pay, sexual harassment and sexual offences, inheritance,…March 8, 2017In “Barbados”Share this on WhatsApp Priority Areas Coordinating Committee (PACC) Convenes… Mar 6, 2020 You may be interested in… Jun 23, 2020 PANCAP Advocates for Treatment Continuity for People Living… NAP Managers and CSOs urged to use COVID-19 as an… Statement by the Director of PANCAP Dr Rosmond Adams on… Jun 25, 2020 Message from the Director of PANCAP, Mr. Dereck Springer, on the occasion ofInternational Women’s Day 2018Thursday 8 MarchTheme: “Press for Progress” The observance of International Women’s Day is more significant than ever in 2018. From well-organised marches to workshops and events in our region, women continue to make their fight for equality in health, economics, politics among others a very relevant part of our daily discussions. While progress has been made since the days of the suffragettes, there is still work to be done.I endorse the 2018 theme “press for progress” as the World Economic Forum’s 2017 Global Gender Gap Report findings revealed that gender parity is over 200 years away. This makes it even more critical for women and men to sincerely support advocating for equal pay and especially more access to health and sexual reproductive services. There has never been a more important time to keep motivated and find ways of removing barriers to fast-tracking equal access for women.In 2014, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) called on Caribbean countries to guarantee all women access to essential health services and interventions. Have we heeded this call? Are we adequately vigilant that our women and girls are receiving equal access to health care services? These are questions that we should be constantly examining, not just on International Women’s Day, but at every opportunity possible in recognition that women and girls have invaluable contributions to make to our society.[su_box title=”International Women’s Day (IWD)” style=”soft” box_color=”#54c0f0″]International Women’s Day (8 March) is a global day celebrating the social, economic, cultural and political achievements of women. The day also marks a call to action for accelerating gender parity. International Women’s Day (IWD) has occurred for well over a century, with the first March 8 IWD gathering supported by over a million people in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland. Prior to this the Socialist Party of America, United Kingdom’s Suffragists and Suffragettes, and further groups campaigned for women equality. Today, IWD belongs to all groups collectively everywhere. IWD is not country, group or organisation specific.[/su_box]The right to health for women and girls forms a fundamental aspect of the PANCAP Justice for All Roadmap, as we believe that no society can truly progress without equal access to health services by all. This concept is also at the heart of PANCAP’s Vision: An AIDS-Free Caribbean. Indeed, fast-tracking the 90-90-90 goals cannot be achieved without adequate focus on ensuring women and girls have equal access to sexual and reproductive health services.I reflect on the launch of the “Spouses of Caribbean Leaders Action Network (SCLAN)” in September 2017 to tackle issues related to the health and well-being of women, adolescents and children in the Caribbean. This advocacy and action platform is advancing the ‘Caribbean Woman Caribbean Child’ (CariWaC) initiative in its championing of four major pillars: reducing gender-based violence, reducing adolescent pregnancy, eliminating cervical cancer and eliminating mother to child transmission of HIV and syphilis.By championing CariWaC’s four pillars, the Spouses of Caribbean Leaders have signaled their commitment to press for progress. We must support SCLAN to enable women and girls to have access to life-saving services, including HIV prevention and care, thereby achieving their potential.I salute women, girls and men across our region and the world, who have committed to “press for progress”. The theme for International Women’s Day 2018 is #PressforProgressFollow updates using #IWD2018 and #PressforProgress[su_box title=”PANCAP ” style=”soft” box_color=”#54c0f0″]PANCAP is a Caribbean regional partnership of governments, regional civil society organisations, regional institutions and organisations, bilateral and multilateral agencies and contributing donor partners which was established on 14 February 2001. PANCAP provides a structured and unified approach to the Caribbean’s response to the HIV epidemic, coordinates the response through the Caribbean Regional Strategic Framework on HIV and AIDS to maximise efficient use of resources and increase impact, mobilises resources and build capacity of partners.[/su_box] Share this:PrintTwitterFacebookLinkedInLike this:Like Loading…
You may be interested in… Aug 24, 2020 CTO Partners With Regional Agencies For Caribbean Tourism… Sep 2, 2020 CDB to Lend US$70M to The Bahamas and Saint Lucia,… 30 July 2018, BRIDGETOWN, Barbados (Caribbean Tourism Organisation Press Release) – The Caribbean Tourism Organisation (CTO), the region’s tourism development agency, has been working closely with its member country, Dominica, to be better able to plan for, withstand and recover from the negative impacts of climate change and natural disasters. The CTO has completed a two-day climate sensitisation and disaster risk management workshop in Roseau, aimed at facilitating the sharing of knowledge and best practices on strategies related to climate mitigation and adaptation, as well as identifying sound disaster risk management approaches. Dominica suffered a direct hit by category five Hurricane Maria last September, which wiped out 226 per cent of its gross domestic product, two years after Tropical Storm Erika passed over the island, destroying an entire village, killing 20 people and leaving behind damage to 90 per cent of the country’s GDP. Hurricane Warning Declared as Tropical Storm Nana Approaches… Staunching the flow: St. Kitts and Nevis’ Fight to Keep its… Share this on WhatsApp Sep 29, 2020 Oct 2, 2020 “The topics of climate change and disaster preparedness are very pertinent to us in Dominica and in the wider Caribbean. We live in a region that is prone to the effects of climate change and disasters especially hurricanes. Of course, we have first-hand knowledge and recent experience with hurricanes,” Colin Piper, the chief executive officer of Discover Dominica Authority (DDA), the island’s tourist board, said at the opening of the workshop. “Anecdotal data indicates that tourism arrivals after natural disasters reduce by up to 30 per cent for up to three years. We are in fact experiencing a reduction in promotable visitor arrivals. For some properties, their occupancy levels may be up due to aid and agency short stays, but we must address this issue which threatens our livelihood within the hospitality industry and as nation,” he added. Thirty tourism practitioners and decision makers from the public and private sectors participated in the event, which formed part of the “Supporting a Climate Smart and Sustainable Caribbean Tourism Industry” project currently implemented by the CTO, with funding and technical assistance from the Caribbean Development Bank, through the joint Natural Disaster Risk Management (NDRM) programme for Caribbean Forum states, undertaken in conjunction with the African Caribbean and Pacific Group and the European Union. The 26-27 July workshop, facilitated by strategic planning expert Dr. Jennifer Edwards, was the latest in a series of training programmes being conducted by the CTO for Dominica. Earlier this month a “Delivering Quality Service” workshop was held for 55 craft and souvenir vendors, hair braiders and tourism taxi service providers to help them better appreciate the importance of their roles in visitor satisfaction; improve people relations through effective communication and understand how positive visitor interactions result in satisfied visitors. That workshop, facilitated by the CTO’s regional human resources development consultant Sharon Banfield- Bovell, covered areas such as understanding the customer, the importance of delivering quality customer service and the ten principles of customer service, all areas which Dominica said were critical in ensuring the service providers are equipped with the necessary skill set to deliver the highest level of customer service. In addition, 25 participants each are to be trained in the management of sites and attractions at a workshop which targets forestry park wardens and the Waitukubuli National Trail Project among others, and a management of service quality workshop for senior executives and general managers in private and public sector tourism enterprises. The CTO’s resource mobilisation and development division offers several training and development programmes, for member countries and the tourism sector, in keeping with its mandate to assist in developing and strengthening human capital in the region’s tourism sector so as to offer high levels of professional service. Share this:PrintTwitterFacebookLinkedInLike this:Like Loading…
Oct 15, 2020 WTO: Members’ Development Status (Part I)By Elizabeth Morgan The development status of members, i.e. whether they are designated developed, developing or least developed countries (LDCs), has now become a contentious issue at the World Trade Organization (WTO). Note that all WTO Members are not countries. Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan (Chinese Taipei) are customs territories…August 21, 2019In “Featured”WTO: Members’ Development Status (Part III): Implications for CARICOM MembersWhen the World Trade Organization (WTO) resumes work shortly, the Members of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), like others, will need to be prepared to address the issues on WTO reform which include proposals on special and differential treatment (S&DT) and differentiation/graduation. In addition, preparations will commence for the 12th WTO…September 4, 2019In “CARICOM”What has been CARICOM’s Foreign Trade Strategy and Agenda?By Elizabeth Morgan On February 20, 2019, my article in the Gleaner was titled “Needed: A CARICOM Foreign Trade Strategy and Agenda”. On September 2, 2020, I addressed “Jamaica’s Trade Performance: Turbulence Ahead”. This article was relevant to CARICOM generally. Last week, referring specifically to Jamaica’s Cabinet appointments in Foreign…September 16, 2020In “Indepth”Share this on WhatsApp Oct 16, 2020 Oct 16, 2020 The World Trade Organization (WTO) was established in 1995 superseding the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) to negotiate, adjudicate and administer global trade rules. The WTO resulted from the last GATT Round, the 1986-1994 Uruguay Round (UR). The Permanent Representative of Guyana to WTO Ambassador John Deep Ford (right) was appointed Chair of the WTO Agriculture Committee. By the first WTO Ministerial Conference (MC1), Singapore, December 1996, many developed countries and trading powers were talking about launching a new round of multilateral trade negotiations which would address newer issues such as investment, competition policy (fair trade), government procurement, trade facilitation, core labour standards and environment standards. Most developing countries, including CARICOM Members, were not enthusiastic about entering into a new round of negotiations so soon after the GATT UR as they were still struggling to implement the resulting Agreements. Thereafter, there was continued strong opposition to a new Round from developing countries and global non-governmental organizations (NGOs); recall the Seattle (MC3) conflagration in 1999. The new round was not launched until MC4 at Doha, Qatar, in November 2001, with much pressure exerted by the developed countries. The compromise was that the Round would focus on development issues. New issues, investment, government procurement, competition policy and trade facilitations, would be further studied. Labour and environment standards were dropped. This Doha “Development” Round would address agricultural products, non-agricultural products (industrial including fisheries) known by the acronym, NAMA, services, and various trade-related and development specific issues including Special and Differential Treatment (S&DT) and Small Economies. In CARICOM’s interest, a work programme emerged to specifically benefit Small Vulnerable Economies (SVEs). The general aim of the Round was to improve market access and enable developing countries to increase their share in global trade. This Round was scheduled to conclude in 2005 by MC6. In 2004, the WTO General Council decided to commence negotiations on Trade Facilitation from the group of new issues. By MC6 at Hong Kong, December 2005, it was clear that the Round could not be completed within the set timeframe. Resulting from this Conference was the Aid for Trade Initiative. It encouraged donors to target development support specifically to building trade infrastructure in developing countries in order to improve their ability to benefit from trade. Aid for Trade was viewed with skepticism by many developing countries considering it an appeasement attempt as their development concerns were not being satisfactorily addressed. From 2006, the Doha Round negotiations continued with limited progress. Agriculture was a particularly difficult issue as developed countries demanded increased access into the markets of emerging developing countries and developing countries had concerns about subsidies applied in developed countries. It was also evident that development, as defined by developing countries, was not at the core of the Round. Development for developed countries was all about market access. In S&DT concessions, developed countries were also wanting emerging economies and middle income developing countries to be graduated or given more differentiated treatment. WTO Members included in this category were China, Brazil, Singapore, Chile, India, Taiwan, and others. CARICOM countries could also be affected. This S&DT proposal from the USA and others was another bone of contention. An opportunity to break the deadlock and conclude the Round was missed in 2008. In the intervening period, countries began to increasingly negotiate complex bilateral and plurilateral free trade agreements mainly outside of the WTO. These included the Trans-Partnership (TPP) and the Trade in Services Agreement (TISA). Progress in the Doha Round was not recorded until MC9, Bali, Indonesia, December 2013, when the Agreement on Trade Facilitation was concluded and adopted. Jamaica was actively engaged in the conclusion of this Agreement. Thereafter, the developed countries began to speak of the Doha Development Agenda, not Round. The focus was on specific issues such as application of subsidies in fishing (Fisheries Subsidies). By MC10 in Nairobi, Kenya, December 2015, the developed countries, the original proponents of the Round, were in search of means to suspend it. The view was that they actually did not want to declare the Round’s death in Kenya, the first African developing country to host a Ministerial Conference. The Nairobi Declaration reflected the divisions in the WTO on the Round’s status recognizing that some Members reaffirmed it, while others did not believing new approaches were necessary to achieving desired outcomes. This signalled that the developed countries had not gotten what they wanted and were ready to move on. MC11, in Buenos Aires, Argentina, December 2017, was considered by many as a requiem for the Round. This Conference ended without a formal ministerial declaration. The Chair, Argentine Minister Susana Malcorra, concluded in her Statement that there would be life after Buenos Aires but it was for the Members to give meaning and value to it. The situation at the WTO became more difficult with the election of US President Donald Trump in November 2017. The Trump Administration’s “America First” policy was anti-multilateralism and particularly belligerent towards the WTO. There was talk of the US withdrawing from the Organization. The Administration did not favour multilateral trade negotiations; refused to approve members of the WTO Appellate Body in the dispute settlement mechanism; moved towards more protectionist policies unilaterally applying tariffs on steel and aluminum; and commenced a bilateral dispute with China. Perhaps, fearful of US withdrawal, feeling that the global trade environment had radically changed and concerned about the WTO’s future, some Members began to look at a new direction for the Organization considering a work programme on other issues, such as e-commerce, state-owned enterprises, micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs), women’s economic empowerment, and investment facilitation. The EU, Canada, and other developed countries put forward proposals and begun consultations on WTO reform. For political reasons, some developing countries have joined these initiatives. Hence the Financial Times’ conclusion that the Doha Round has died. There are still many developing countries from all regions who do not share this view of the Round’s demise and are uncomfortable with current proposals for WTO reform. Thus, it is reported that the atmosphere in the Organization is quite unstable as Members begin to look to MC12 in Astana, Kazakhstan, in June 2020. Where does CARICOM stand? It seems that CARICOM believes that there is unfinished business in the Doha Round especially for SVEs. On WTO reform, it appears that CARICOM needs to give this matter more serious consideration. The CARICOM Council for Trade and Economic Development (COTED) and Member States need to be following developments at the WTO more closely, assessing the state of play, and the implications for the Region in order to arrive at clear positions to guide delegations. Oct 16, 2020 CARPHA Partners with, PAHO to Ensure Caribbean States’… By Elizabeth Morgan In an article on December 21, 2018, the Financial Times declared that the WTO Doha Round had finally died a merciful death after nearly a decade spent comatose. This reflected the view of the developed countries, which was not necessarily supported by all developing countries. WTO Secretary General Roberto Azevêdo and Jamaica’s Foreign Minister Senator Kamina Johnson-Smith CMO says Saint Lucia at critical stage of COVID-19 outbreak Barbados releases new COVID-19 Travel Protocols Submitted by Elizabeth Morgan, Specialist in International Trade Policy and International Politics. Share this:PrintTwitterFacebookLinkedInLike this:Like Loading… You may be interested in… Six Eastern Caribbean countries deemed safe for travel – CDC
You may be interested in… Aug 3, 2020 Please see the latest edition of the CARICOM Business newsletter which comprises information culled from news entities in the Caribbean and beyond and includes a Foreign Exchange Summary, a Stock Exchange Summary and International Oil Prices. CARICOM Business 12 July 2019 CARICOM Business 12 July 2019 Share this:PrintTwitterFacebookLinkedInLike this:Like Loading… LIAT CEO Resigns LIAT Administrator Gives Aug. 15 Deadline to Submit Claims,… CAL Launches EC Service as LIAT Reorganises – CARICOM… Jul 27, 2020 LIAT recapitalised – CARICOM Business NewsPlease see the latest edition of the CARICOM Business newsletter which comprises information culled from news entities in the Caribbean and beyond and includes a Foreign Exchange Summary, a Stock Exchange Summary and International Oil Prices. CARICOM Business 8 February, 2019February 11, 2019In “Antigua & Barbuda”No private sector takeover of LIAT – CARICOM Business NewsPlease see the latest edition of the CARICOM Business newsletter which comprises information culled from news entities in the Caribbean and beyond and includes a Foreign Exchange Summary, a Stock Exchange Summary and International Oil Prices. CARICOM Business 26 October 2018October 29, 2018In “Antigua & Barbuda”LIAT to Resume Operations in November? – CARICOM Business NewsPlease see the latest edition of the CARICOM Business newsletter which comprises information culled from news entities in the Caribbean and beyond and includes a Foreign Exchange Summary, a Stock Exchange Summary and International Oil Prices.October 12, 2020In “Antigua & Barbuda”Share this on WhatsApp Aug 6, 2020 Oct 12, 2020 LIAT to Resume Operations in November? – CARICOM…
WIXOM, Mich. — NGK Spark Plugs (U.S.A.) Inc. has announced the promotions of Kazuhiro Tsuzuki to executive vice president, Richard Sullivan to senior vice president, Bob Pepper to senior vice president, Michael Schwab to senior vice president and Kent Howard to vice president. Their respective promotions became effective Aug. 1.AdvertisementClick Here to Read MoreAdvertisement Tsuzuki, a 32-year veteran, started his career with NGK in 1979. He held various positions for Ceramic Package sales in Japan, Europe and the U.S., as well as production control for Organic IC Package in Japan. He previously served as executive coordinator, Manufacturing. In his new role, Tsuzuki will support NGK U.S.A. President and CEO Norihiko Adachi, with respect to maintaining NGK Japan’s global manufacturing viewpoint. Sullivan, a 33-year veteran in the aftermarket, has been with NGK since 1985 and previously served as chief administrative officer and vice president. Prior to that, Sullivan held various roles within the Aftermarket Department, including general manager and vice president. In his new role, Sullivan will continue to oversee corporate administration, including human resources, information technology and purchasing and facilities administration. He will also lead the sales efforts for NTK Cutting Tools. Pepper, a 37-year veteran in automotive parts manufacturing, has been with NGK since 2007, and previously served as vice president of manufacturing. Pepper is responsible for all of NGK Spark Plugs (U.S.A.) Inc.’s manufacturing, along with OEM and OES logistics. Schwab, a 22-year veteran in the aftermarket, has been with NGK since 1989 and previously served as VP of aftermarket sales and marketing. Prior to that, he served as director of sales and marketing for North America, and earlier, general manager. Schwab will oversee all aftermarket logistics, as well as continue to oversee aftermarket sales and marketing. Advertisement Howard, having served more than 10 years with NGK, was previously the director of OEM sales and engineering. Prior to that, Howard was general manager of OEM sales and an account manager for OEM sales. His responsibilities now include overseeing all OEM sales and engineering.
Join the CRP team! CRP Industries Inc. is a family-owned mid-sized importer and distributor of automotive and industrial parts located in Cranbury, N.J. Founded in 1954, we have established a solid reputation for supporting and exceeding our customers’ expectations.AdvertisementClick Here to Read MoreAdvertisement CRP is currently searching for a Key Account Manager who will cultivate and manage an assigned account portfolio with the objective of growing the portfolio on an annual basis. Portfolio growth will be accomplished through a combination of opportunistic wins and identifying and developing vertical as well as horizontal revenue opportunities. Overall responsibilities include formulating an account plan to meet objectives, developing customer relationships and understanding the competitive landscape. This position will work with the customer service staff throughout the sales and fulfillment process to ensure that the customer’s expectations are met and exceeded. Success is measured on annual overall portfolio growth. Responsibilities • Manage an assigned portfolio of CRP’s aftermarket automotive accounts • Build relationships (likeability) and understanding (credibility) with every customer • Create sales strategies that leverage CRP’s unique value proposition by customer, resulting in continuous account growth • Apply accurate understanding of the client’s financial status and business drivers that sell CRP offerings • Maintain a real-time understanding of the competitive landscape to assist in determining win-based proposals and pricing strategies • Accurately forecast all business 3, 6, 9 and 12 months out and communicate sales activity to executive management • Develop and prepare verbal and written strategic account management plans and reports • Target all business opportunities with each account and execute against a plan to attain that business (i.e. qualification and scoping, negotiations, relationship building, information gathering, and closing strategies) • Identify customer’s relevant business issues and identify the appropriate course of action • Overcome client objections through creative problem solving • Manage client expectations regarding implementation and delivery • Establish and maintain in-depth knowledge of CRP’s offerings • Promote and arrange technical sales meetings, product trainings, and sales support. • Manage all customer data including net pricing, contacts, special instructions, etc. • Additional duties as assigned by management RequirementsAdvertisement • A bachelor’s degree in a business or technical discipline or equivalent experience in related field. • Demonstrated people-oriented sales management experience and a minimum of 10 years of overall business experience. • Minimum of 7 years of relevant outside sales experience with a proven track record meeting, supporting and growing portfolios with an annual quota of $10+ Million • Demonstrated ability to develop relationships at the front line, manger, director and VP level. • Superior problem solving and resolution skills along with ability to manage detail on multiple projects simultaneously. • Excellent Customer Service and Communication Skills (written, oral and presentation). • Proficiency in Window Applications; MS Outlook & MS Office, & ERP Systems • Familiarity with EDI and Business Application systems and terminology. Interested applicants should submit cover letter, resume and salary history by clicking the Apply Now button below.
But what if the topic involves the basic science of behaviorology? How many people have at least the equivalent of a high school course in this science? Not many. It is not any part or kind of psychology, and it is only rarely taught in high school today. That is a reality I would happily help change, because my first paid teaching job, back in 1972, was to teach this science, under another name, to high school sophomores and seniors. Yet, while many traditional natural scientists have not taken much notice of it, such a science is already more than 100 years old, and now is called behaviorology. So now what is needed is more people making more effort to become more familiar with this science, and take it into account in their work to solve global, or even individual and local problems. That is why we should bother with a science of human behavior. That is why we should bother here and now. These columns aim to help fulfill these needs. People’s knowledge of human behavior often comes from a wide range of traditional cultural perspectives taught to us early in life. Some of these are pre-scientific and others simply non-scientific, plus a few that are actually anti-scientific. If you were giving a scientific talk (or writing a scientific column) you would prefer that your audience had more than these kinds of knowledge. Behaviorology, the little known 100-year-old natural science of behavior, supplies the informing science. Indeed, in these columns, the words “science” and “scientist” always mean “natural science” and “natural scientist.” This avoids confusion. Alone, “science” can mean something very different. For example, the religion department at the university in Leuven, Belgium, officially goes by the name, “Faculty of Theological Sciences.” After 45 years of teaching this science to individuals, mostly in college classrooms, I have moved on in retirement. Now, I teach anyone prepared to gain some greater familiarity with this science. Now, I teach through “short courses” or, better, through columns like these, or through books. These constitute some of my contributions to helping solve global problems. And perhaps they can become part of your contributions. Regarding “why bother with a science of human behavior here and now,” consider the biggest, baddest, best reason, which involves the solving of global problems and human civilized survival. For decades, since Rachel Carson’s 1962 book, Silent Spring, and MIT’s 1972 book, Limits to Growth, traditional natural scientists (like physicists, chemists, and biologists) have noted that human behavior is a major cause of global problems, and that changes in human behavior are required to solve these problems. So they have repeatedly issued calls, some of book length, for a natural science of human behavior, because it is needed to help humanity solve its problems, and survive. So, why bother with a natural science of human behavior? And why bother, here, and now? Are people that interested in human behavior? Apparently, people are. Witness the large number of non-scientific books about human behavior on the self-help, new-age, and psychology shelves in bookstores and online lists. Besides, we already have plenty of other kinds of accounts for human behavior. We have not only those pre-scientific or anti-scientific explanations, but also we have some more modern, non-scientific accounts that mimic them. Only when people think those are inadequate, do natural science explanations gain traction and value. A smaller number of scientific books about human behavior appear on the science shelves and lists. You will find, however, that most of these books emphasize various engineering applications of the science of behavior. This is no surprise. Society usually needs more engineers than scientists. And the application areas that they cover concern mostly normal human behaviors. That means columns like these must tread a thin line between deep coverage that leaves the audience behind, and shallow coverage that leaves the audience bored. To keep me successfully treading this thin line, I invite your feedback. Send comments to the Editor. Each column will include where to find more information. And each column provides some basics of a scientific account for its mystery. By STEPHEN F. LEDOUXLos Alamos member of The International Behaviorology Institute Those application areas cover a wide range. They include parenting, regular and special education, behavioral medicine, green contingency engineering, dignified dying, companion animal training, behavioral safety, business and organizational management, penal rehabilitation, and autism and developmental disabilities interventions, among others. Meanwhile, really, why should anyone bother about a science of human behavior? After all, our traditional cultural perspectives say don’t bother. These perspectives get conditioned through what we all experience in our seldom questioned childhood upbringing. They generally say that there isn’t any such science, that there couldn’t be any such science, even that there shouldn’t be any such science, because it could contradict all manner of traditional cultural views. You would probably prefer audience members to have at least the equivalent of a high school course in the science being discussed. In this country, most people have at least that amount of familiar knowledge for the basic sciences of physics or chemistry or biology (or all of these). Those engineering books, however, cover the science itself only minimally, only the principles, methods, or concepts needed to work the applications. Only a small handful of books thoroughly cover the science, including not only its principles, methods, and concepts, but also its extensions, implications, interpretations, and basic practices. These topics constitute the areas of these columns, with various books mentioned when they are relevant. Welcome to the first of many columns exploring some of the mysteries of life and living, especially some behavior–related mysteries. Without such a science, solving global problems that have human behavior components becomes much more difficult. Some suggest that without such a science, solving these problems becomes impossible within the time frame that the problems themselves allow us. For a book–length call for a science of behavior, see Lee McIntyre’s 2006 book, Dark Ages—The Case for a Science of Behavior, published in Cambridge, MA, by MIT Press. Some topics for future columns include these: recombination of repertoires; fictional explanations of behavior; genes and behavior; memory and forgetting; music performance; concept formation; quitting smoking; dignified dying; parenting; nutrition; love; ghosts; boredom; superstition; bribery; language. To start, consider the problem of talking about a science with which people feel little familiarity compared to their familiarity with such traditional sciences as physics, chemistry, or biology. People have some knowledge, especially intuitive, that is, not instructed, knowledge, about a natural science of behavior, particularly if they have pets, and train their pets. Yet the emphasis in these columns will be on scientifically discussing human behavior. Your columnist (whose last name is pronounced “la–due”) holds a Ph.D. in The Experimental Analysis of Behavior. That’s a mouthful, which is one reason for the name change to behaviorology. Well over 35 years of college teaching and research experience led the author to retire in 2015 as emeritus professor of behaviorology at the State University of New York at Canton. Having grown up in California, I now make Los Alamos, New Mexico my home. Writing these columns occurs separately from membership in The International Behaviorology Institute (TIBI, at www.behaviorology.org where you can always find more information and resources). The author is not speaking for TIBI, and the author and TIBI need not be in agreement. TIBI welcomes feedback, members, and donations (501.c.3). Write the author through this paper’s editor at [email protected] Copyright © 2019 by Stephen F. Ledoux. Such a list offers something for everyone.
“Annotated statutes available for free … are nearly unheard of,” Fastcase said. “Brenda’s approach has rapidly become the standard for how to implement free and open access to the law at all levels of government.” NEW MEXICO COURTS News: The New Mexico Compilation Commission, the state’s official legal publisher, began in May to offer free online access to an official database of legal materials, providing an easy-to-use research tool for the public and growing numbers of people who represent themselves in lawsuits. Annotated statutes provide additional research information such as summaries of precedent-setting court decisions that can be cited in legal arguments filed in court cases. Previously this comprehensive legal information was available for New Mexico statutes only through a subscription. Fastcase, an online legal research service, selected Brenda Castello, the commission’s executive director, as one of its 2019 Fastcase 50 winners. The awards recognize “innovators, techies, visionaries and leaders” in the legal field. New Mexico launched its online legal website as a “major service to benefit the public,” Fastcase stated. The Harvard Law School’s Caselaw Access Project recently recommended New Mexico and its legal information website, NMOneSource.com, as a leading example of how courts can successfully expand access to the law through a publicly available website and shift from print-based legal publishing to “digital-first publishing.” “Expanding the availability of legal services to the public is critical for advancing judicial excellence in New Mexico,” Supreme Court Chief Justice Judith K. Nakamura said. “New Mexico’s online system offers a shining example for other states of how to use technology to improve access to justice. This was possible thanks to the vision and hard work of Brenda and her staff at the Compilation Commission.” SANTA FE – New Mexico has earned national recognition for offering free online public access to legal materials, including state laws, court procedural rules and appellate court decisions. Castello said, “No other state in the country offers such a robust, expansive website for free legal materials. People in New Mexico can use their smartphones and other electronic devices to easily access legal materials that in years past would have required a fee-based subscription or a trip to a law library.”
Daily Postcard: The change of color spotted today on the cherry tree in White Rock marks the start of the fall foliage. This is the last day of summer and with the autumnal equinox a debate erupts around this time each year — and it’s not about where to sip the best apple cider or peep the finest fall foliage. It’s over the exact start date of the fall equinox, which marks the beginning of autumn. Specifically, the 2019 equinox will begin at 3:50 a.m Eastern Standard Time on Sept. 23, when at that precise moment, the sun will be directly in line with the equator. Photo by Nancy Ann Hibbs
Science and technology partners include Pennsylvania State University, the University of Wyoming, and Scientific Aviation, a leading provider of airborne emissions sensing. Collected data from this project could facilitate better management by operators and transparency for local communities. A fuller, more robust picture of methane emissions could also drive more effective regulations. AUSTIN, Texas ― A comprehensive new data initiative organized by Environmental Defense Fund will use advanced emissions monitoring technologies to determine how much methane is escaping from the Permian Basin, one of the world’s largest oil and gas producing regions. Tower monitors deployed at fixed locations, combined with mobile readings taken both on the ground and in the air, will fill urgent gaps in the public understanding of emissions. EDF-led science will incorporate remote sensing and satellite data sets collected by other researchers in order to achieve the most robust measurements possible. The coordinated year-long research effort will generate scientifically robust emissions data to map and measure the scale of the problem, and facilitate better, faster solutions. Pennsylvania State University will install a network of tower-based, stationary sensors to continuously measure methane concentrations, which will be analyzed to estimate regional emissions and how they change over the project. EDF News: The sentiment is echoed by other officials including New Mexico Environment Department Cabinet Secretary James Kenney, who said, “Gathering accurate and reliable methane emissions data in the Permian Basin is key to developing a robust and science-based emissions reduction strategy.” The project is designed to estimate methane emission rates from basin-wide oil and gas production. Data will be published on a public platform on an ongoing basis, accompanied by trend analyses. Field measurements are scheduled to begin in November, and the first data release is targeted for early 2020. In addition to the frequent data releases, findings from the scientific work conducted for this project will be presented for peer-review.Texas and New Mexico Cutting emissions is often as simple as tightening valves, closing tanks that have been inadvertently left open, or relighting flares. Science shows that the biggest emissions tend to come in random, unpredictable ways, which means proactive, regular monitoring is among the best reduction strategies. Satellite data has identified significant methane hotspots in the Permian, as well as the burning of excess methane in a process known as flaring. Flaring wastes valuable natural gas, while unlit and malfunctioning flares can be major methane emitters. At least one recent study suggests the volume of methane vented or flared in the Permian has tripled in the past two years. New Mexico has also suffered from a lack of strong regulatory frameworks and oversight. However, Gov. Michelle Lujan-Grisham announced earlier this year that the state is moving forward with a process to develop robust methane rules. “This project will combine multiple layers and multiple kinds of measurement to create the fullest, most accurate picture possible,” said Dr. Eric Kort of the University of Michigan. Dr. Kort, along with Dr. Mary Kang of McGill University and Dr. Adam Brandt of Stanford University, act as independent scientific advisors for the study. “The data gathered here will better define the scope of the methane problem in the Permian and provide much-needed information so that companies, public officials and local communities can better manage emissions,” said Matt Watson, Vice President Energy at EDF, which is convening a team of leading research institutions and technology providers for the initiative. More than half of U.S. oil rigs are now in the Permian Basin. As production grows in the region, so do associated emissions and pollution. This brings a host of challenges to the community, not least of which is the toll on the environment. The Permian spans the Texas and New Mexico border, and the two states have taken very different approaches responding to the methane challenge. Texas has yet to take significant regulatory action — and has done little to enforce the rules currently on the books. University of Wyoming will deploy a vehicle-based, downwind approach to quantify site-level methane emissions from oil and gas sites, including as a comparison to aerial measurements. Researchers have also shown that nationwide methane emissions from the oil and gas industry are at least 60% higher than the EPA estimates. Findings from the study are intended to help guide how companies, states and the federal government measure, monitor and manage methane emissions. Research partners “Under Gov. Lujan Grisham, New Mexico is committed to crafting and implementing nationally-leading rules to cut methane waste and pollution.” said Sarah Cottrell Propst, Secretary of New Mexico’s Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department. “Innovative, data-driven methane measurement projects can help New Mexico do just that.” The Permian data project will use cutting-edge remote sensing technologies and emissions quantifications algorithms — such as those demonstrated to map methane emissions in a ground-breaking partnership between EDF and Google Earth Outreach — to build a comprehensive database of emissions information. Building on established science The Permian basin, spanning over 86,000 square miles of West Texas and Southeastern New Mexico, is the hottest oil and gas play in the world, but much about methane emissions in the Permian remains a mystery. Nearly five million barrels of oil is produced each day in the basin, yet the majority of methane emissions go unmeasured, unregulated and unmitigated. Focus on actionable solutions Methane is a potent greenhouse gas; human-made emissions are responsible for at least a quarter of the warming we’re experiencing today. Worldwide, the oil and gas industry releases about 75 million metric tons of methane each year. The International Energy Agency estimates that the oil and gas industry can use today’s technologies to reduce emissions by 75% — two thirds of which are achievable at zero net cost to industry. Development of new methane monitoring technologies is happening at an accelerated pace, with more options coming to market every year — allowing companies to find leaks faster and reducing emissions at lower cost.