Aquaculture, Environment, Environmental Policy, Fish, Fish Farming, Fisheries, Fishing, Freshwater Ecosystems, Freshwater Fish, Governance, Lakes, Pollution, Water, Water Pollution In the wake of the latest mass fish death in Indonesia’s Lake Toba, in northern Sumatra, the government has published a predictive calendar that gives fish farmers early warning of dire water conditions.The tool, available online and in printed form, ranks conditions on a progressive scale running from “safe” to “alert” to “dangerous.”In addition to the calendar, the government has also recommended other solutions, including the growing of water hyacinths to absorb pollutants in the lake, and reforestation efforts in the area. JAKARTA — Officials in Indonesia have released a predictive calendar they hope will give fish farmers in the country’s largest lake a heads-up on water conditions that have previously killed off fish by the millions.The issuance of the calendar on Sept. 13, online and in print, comes in the wake of the death of millions of fish last month in Toba, a lake inside a volcanic crater in northern Sumatra. The lake experienced a similar phenomenon in 2016.Researchers have attributed the mass die-offs to a sudden depletion of oxygen in the water due to a buildup of pollutants from aquaculture, agricultural runoff, and sewage from hotels and houses. Unfavorable weather conditions and unsustainable practices by local fish farmers have also been cited as factors.The new calendar is meant to notify fish farmers about the lake’s condition using a progressive scale running from safe to alert to dangerous, based on previous field assessments of the area.Workers haul in thousands of dead fish on the shore of Lake Toba. Image by Ayat S. Karokaro for Mongabay.A “safe” rating means fish farming can proceed as normal, while an “alert” rating means the farmers have to reduce their use of fish feed. Uneaten fish feed and feces from the fish pens fuel a process called eutrophication, in which the water becomes excessively rich in nutrients. This nutrient loading can induce oxygen-devouring algal blooms that suffocate fish, as is thought to have happened in 2016. Under “alert” conditions, fish farmers are asked to reduce stocking density in the floating cages and pay attention to the changes in the water. They are also advised to harvest earlier.A “dangerous” rating indicates the lake’s water temperature is low and the dissolved oxygen is less than 3 milligrams per liter, so fish may suffocate. The weather during this period will mostly be intense rainy and windy. Under such conditions, the farmers are advised to harvest fish that are ready for harvesting, pause their farming activities, and attend to fish that can survive low water quality. They are also expected to carry out aeration — a practice to bring water and air in close contact in order to remove dissolved gasses — and relocate some of the floating cages to deeper parts of the lake.“This predictive calendar and management scheme can increase the awareness of fish farmers and policymakers so that they won’t take mass fish die-offs lightly,” Sjarief Widjaja, head of capture fisheries at the national fisheries ministry, told reporters in Jakarta.Spanning 1,130 square kilometers (440 square miles), Lake Toba produces an estimated 76,000 metric tons of aquaculture products a year, much of it from local farmers. Two companies — Swiss-owned PT Aquafarm Nusantara and PT Suri Tani Pemuka, an arm of Singapore-listed Japfa Group — also cultivate tilapia in the lake and export fillets internationally, including to the United States and Europe. PT Aquafarm Nusantara, responsible for 40,000 tons of production in 2015, has received backlash for dumping waste into the lake.Haranggaol Bay, the lake’s second-largest source of farmed fish, has long been a pollution concern because of the high concentration of fish farms there. Where in 2005 the village had 854 floating pens, today there are more than 6,000. And that explosion, while a boon to the local economy, has come at a cost, particularly to the lake’s health.The government has long struggled to curb the rise of unregulated community fish farms. The campaign against fish farming also ramped up after President Joko Widodo announced a plan to turn Toba into a major tourist destination along the lines of a “Monaco of Asia.” In 2014, he signed an order stipulating that aquaculture would only be allowed in one district, Toba Samosir.Local governments have since attempted to carry out the mandate. In July 2016, Simalungun district, which covers Haranggaol, dispatched military and police officers to dismantle cages in Sualan village, about 70 kilometers south of Haranggaol.But for many landless residents, fish farming is their only dependable source of income. Many fund their businesses with bank loans. Losing or severely reducing aquaculture would not only disrupt their income, but also leave them with massive debts. The recent mass fish die-offs have also cost the fish farmers billions of rupiah.After pleas from local fish farmers, the government agreed to postpone the eviction. Instead, the seven districts on the lake and the provincial government agreed on new zoning regulations, while asking the farmers to adhere to stricter environmental standards.A carpet of dead fish in one of the floating net cages in Lake Toba. Image by Ayat S. Karokaro for Mongabay.In addition to releasing the predictive calendar, the government has recommended the planting of water hyacinths (Eichhornia crassipes), a free-floating aquatic plant known to reduce heavy metals and pesticide residues in waters where it grows.“Water hyacinth roots are natural filters for polluted water from various industry-manufactured chemicals,” said Toni Ruchimat, the fisheries ministry’s head of research.Officials have also advised the fish farmers to adopt other tools developed by the ministry, including Buoy Pluto, an early-warning pollution-monitoring system, and KJA SMART, a series of floating net cages with built-in systems to handle organic pollutants.In a bid to achieve environmental sustainability in Lake Toba, the Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs, which oversees the fisheries ministry, has launched a research initiative involving the World Bank, the state-funded Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), and state-owned water company Perum Jasa Tirta. The local governments with authority over the area are expected to apply the research findings.“One of the recommendations from the researchers is to conserve the forests [around the lake] as there’s continuous tree cutting upstream,” said Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan, the coordinating minister of maritime affairs.The coordinating ministry has also recommended that a reforestation program be undertaken in the area around Lake Toba.Luhut said one of the key problems in Lake Toba was the high density of fish farmers. He cited research from LIPI that indicated the lake could sustainably accommodate at most 1,925 floating cages. Companies operating in the area have been asked to reduce their number of cages by 70 percent.“LIPI has said that Lake Toba requires 75 years to clean itself, but that process will never be achieved if the lake continues to be contaminated,” Luhut said.Fish farmers pile up dead fish on the shore of Lake Toba. Image by Ayat S. Karokaro for Mongabay.The story was reported by Mongabay’s Indonesia team and was first published on our Indonesian site on Sept. 14, 2018.FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the author of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page. Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored Article published by Basten Gokkon
Satiricus couldn’t get over the snobbishness, snootiness and snottiness of some people. Here it was… Guyana was celebrating 50 years of wrenching Independence from England. And let’s not fool ourselves, England it was: Scotland, Ireland and Wales were just as colonised as us in the boons. And these folks still felt we had to slavishly imitate the English in the way we celebrated. What colonial mindsets!“So we should serve cucumber sandwiches at the Stadium during our 20/20 Cricket matches?” fumed Satiricus to his buddy Cappo. “Over my dead body! Chicken and roti it is!”“Ah wha’ badda yuh dis time, Sato?” Cappo said solicitously, as he nursed his beer.“Didn’t you read how some stiff-necked people criticising the government because some fellas “pope” the VIP stand?” Satiricus asked.“Wha wraang wid people poping? De expect people fuh stand in line fuh siddown an’ watch flag raise?” Cappo was incredulous. “Dis ah Guyana!”“Well, in England they stand in line for hours to even get into a bus, without complaining,” explained Satiricus . “They call it queueing.”“Well, dem shoulda come fuh catch bus by Stabroek Market!!” started out Cappo belligerently, and then suddenly caught himself. “Aha!! Suh dat wha mek dem move de bus fram Stabroek Market… Dem na want dem fariner fuh see abee nah “Q”!” Abee does “P”, but abee na “Q”!”“That’s what I’m saying..They want us not only to be like England…but England 50 years ago when we got Independence!” moaned Satiricus.“Like dem na see football game in England, nowadays,” grinned Cappo. “Mo bottles and fight dan de ole Bourda!”“But what bother me most is the complaint that Prezzie use plastic plate and spoon at de Gala Dinner,” said Satiricus.“Ah wha’ wraang wid plastic plate and spoon?” Cappo asked in astonishment. “Dem fancy plate cyaan hold peppa pat.”“With their colonial mentality that’s exactly what they want,” said Satiricus. “And porcelain tea cups they have to stick their pinkie out to hold.”“Dem want me stick out anadda finga pan dem!” snorted Cappo. “If abee independent we gat fuh do ting abee way. Me prouda Prezzie.”“Yep!” snorted Satiricus. “Everybody had to line up an hour for their food! Real Guyanese, boy!”
1 Diego Simeone Diego Simeone could snub Chelsea and return to manage his former club Inter Milan next season.The highly-rated Atletico Madrid chief spent two seasons with the Nerazzurri as a player and the Italian giants are lining up the Argentinean as a possible replacement for Roberto Mancini should he fail to land the Serie A title this season.According to AS, Inter are prepared to battle Chelsea all the way to lure Simeone to Italy instead of England.Simeone is one of a number of candidates Chelsea are considering to become Jose Mourinho’s permanent successor next season.But they now face a complicated duel with Inter should they decide to step up their pursuit of Simeone in the coming months.
160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORE11 theater productions to see in Southern California this week, Dec. 27-Jan. 2Perhaps sanity and political survival will prevail once the GOP holds public hearings across the land to help shape its path on immigration legislation. If the party leaders truly listen to what the average American is saying, and not what their political advisers are telling them to hear, then there’s still hope for genuine reform. THE GOP took a message out of the June race to replace shamed San Diego Rep. Randy “Duke” Cunningham, in which the traditionally Republican district almost elected a Democrat. The problem is that they took away the wrong message. Brian Bilbray won the special election for the rest of Cunningham’s term by talking a lot about immigration and the need for security at the border. Extrapolating to the point of absurdity, the GOP has decided that its best political strategy for November is to stall comprehensive immigration reform and pursue border-enforcement-only legislation. With reasoning that flawed, the Republicans deserve to lose their legislative majority. They might have considered, for example, that the reason the GOP almost lost the San Diego seat was because of Bilbray’s message. Regular Americans, on the whole, favor actually solving the massive problem of illegal immigration reform. Yes, tightening the borders is part of the solution, but most Americans realize that even if no one else ever slipped into the country, there still are 11 million immigrants here without papers.
Premier League Team of the Season so far, including Liverpool and Leicester stars 2 Unai Emery has guided Arsenal into the top four 2 Latest Football News Where Ancelotti ranks with every Premier League boss for trophies won Berahino hits back at b******t Johnson criticism – ‘I was in a dark place at Stoke’ MONEY REVEALED Oxlade-Chamberlain suffers another setback as Klopp confirms serious injury The Gunners head into the clash on the back of a 19-match unbeaten run in all competitions, with their excellent 4-2 defeat of bitter rivals Tottenham in the north London derby keeping their record intact.Unai Emery’s side got the better of their local rivals on Sunday afternoon, the day after Manchester United could only secure a draw against relegation battlers Southampton.The Red Devils fought back from two goals down to claim a point at St Mary’s, but they failed to grab a winner and the pressure has been piled on Jose Mourinho.However, the United manager has a superb record against Arsenal (10 wins and just two losses in 19 matches), and he’ll be hoping to alleviate some of the pressure by claiming another defeat of the Gunners this midweek. Son ban confirmed as Tottenham fail with appeal to overturn red card shining Romelu Lukaku and Paul Pogba have been dropped by Jose Mourinho ahead of the biggest fixture of the midweek Premier League action.Arsenal visit Old Trafford to take on Manchester United on Wednesday, with the home side deciding to put two of their biggest stars on the bench.In his pre-match interview, Mourinho stated the changes were “technical and tactical decisions.” Every time Ally McCoist lost it on air in 2019, including funny XI reactions Lacazette could start up front with Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang, who scored a brace and grabbed an assist against Tottenham Forbes list reveals how much Mayweather, Ronaldo and Messi earned this decade RANKED Top nine Premier League free transfers of the decade REVEALED Which teams do the best on Boxing Day in the Premier League era? huge blow Ronaldo warned Lukaku how hard scoring goals in Serie A would be before Inter move BEST OF What the managers are sayingJose Mourinho (Man United): “We will have a very difficult match. They are a good team who have had a good run of results. But in spite of our selection issues, they know it won’t be easy either.”Unai Emery (Arsenal): “It’s a new match, a new challenge, a big challenge. It’s away and we need to continue improving our mentality away. We know we need to change to get more competitive away. I think the team is doing that, but it’s a new challenge because we’re going to play against Manchester United away, and the challenge is bigger than other matches. For us, it’s a very exciting match. The preparation for this match is also a big motivation for us. It gives me a big motivation for Wednesday. If we are stronger now, we need to [show that] on Wednesday.” no dice ADVICE REPLY Confirmed line-upsMan United: De Gea; Dalot, Bailly, Smalling, Rojo, Darmian; Herrera, Matic; Lingard, Rashford, MartialArsenal: Leno; Bellerin, Mustafi, Sokratis, Holding, Kolasinac; Torreira, Gunedouzi, Ramsey; Iwobi, Aubameyang
Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Related Posts Just as SOPA opponents in the United States prepare for round two in their battle against far-reaching anti-piracy legislation, it appears that their Spanish counterparts just lost theirs. On Friday, the Spanish government approved the Sustainable Economy Law, (SEL) which enables rights holders to have infringing websites shut down within 10 days after a complaint is filed. Once a complaint is made, a judge can order ISPs to block access to sites that host copyrighted material or have them shut down entirely. The law, which was officially passed early last year but never implemented, was approved by Spain’s new, more conservative government last week and will now be enacted as planned, much to the delight of the film and music industries, as well as other media companies. If the law sounds like a more extreme version of SOPA, it probably has something to do with the fact that Spain has a much bigger piracy problem than the United States. Illegal file-sharing runs rampant in the country and it seems like every media industry trade group has a different set of statistics demonstrating how harmful this has been to them. Under the new law, copyright complaints will be heard by a panel called the Intellectual Property Committee who will decide how to rectify the issue and are endowed with the power to go after site owners. In the U.S., the anti-piracy legislation currently being debating in Congress would be limited to websites hosted outside the country’s borders and wouldn’t be quite as far-reaching as Spain’s new law. Still, to many the passage of SOPA’s Spanish counterpart feels like a taste of things to come should big media companies in the U.S. succeed in getting some version of SOPA or the Protect IP Act passed by the U.S. Congress. Paving the Way For U.S. InvestmentsPressure from Spanish copyright holders and media companies wasn’t the only factor in ensuring this law was passed. The country stands to see major investments in online streaming services there now that the law is enacted. U.S. media and technology companies, among others, have been waiting to make such investments until more serious steps were taken against file-sharing and online piracy in Spain. The passage of this law is exactly what they were waiting for. The country is already awaiting the launch of Nextflix within its borders early this year, and presumably more services will follow. The law may lead to more legitimate online streaming services and delight the media industry, but that doesn’t assuage the concerns of digital rights groups, who take issue with SEL along lines similar to those of opponents to SOPA and PIPA in the United States. In short, they argue that granting media companies and judges the ability to shut down websites sets a very bad precedent and could easily be used to censor legitimate sites. john paul titlow 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Tags:#Government#international#news#web
How IoT Will Transform Cold Chain Logistics For… Tags:#Cisco#Cisco Jasper#IIoT#Industrial Internet of Things#Internet of Things#IoT The Ultimate Checklist on Ways to Prevent IoT D… Electronic Design is Utilizing AI-Enabled Solu… Donal Power A recent report indicates that while firms are benefiting from investments in the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), the complexity of the technology can prove costly.An April white paper entitled “The Hidden Costs of Delivering IIoT Services”, was authored by Cisco Jasper, a global IoT platform. The white paper determined that companies saw “internal productivity and efficiency” as the key incentives to integrating new IIoT technology into their business models.And with IDC predicting over 30 billion IoT devices by 2020, connected equipment looks to become ubiquitous in the coming years.However, the rush to integrate IIoT can weigh on companies who aren’t prepared for the added costs.“Running an IoT business can be especially complex for companies in the industrial monitoring and heavy equipment industries,” said the report. “Devices are geographically dispersed with long and complicated supply chains.”Unique challenges that IIoT can present include operations challenges that “can drain resources to launch, monitor and manage devices into the field.”IIoT impacts cost management approaches where data usage must be monitored in real time in order to make adjustments prior to being billed.Likewise the white paper recommends that potential customer issues also need to be spotted early, to make sure that a low mean time to repair is maintained.Cisco Jasper calls out scalabilityThe report sees scalability as another key concern, pointing out that firms need the infrastructure to enable them to quickly meet customer demands, operational needs, and expand to new markets.“Adding to the complexity, Industrial IoT budgets don’t come from just one group or department within an organization,” observes the white paper. “Although IIoT is seen as a strategic investment, industrial monitoring and heavy equipment industries organizations struggle to create a compelling business case showing a tangible return on investment.”Despite the wide variations in IIoT initiatives, the white paper sees three costs in particular are common across most geographies: technical support, network communications and administrative labor.“As you consider the long-term health of IIoT services, appropriately anticipating the costs will help you counterbalance the value of increased revenue and new opportunities,” the report concludes. “With a full understanding of the total cost of delivering an IIoT service, you can make smart, profitable and sustainable business decisions.” 5 Industries Destined for Technological Disruption Related Posts
(Missourinet) The Missouri Senate leader will file legislation in December in Jefferson City to increase penalties for alleged illegal slot machines, setting the slot machine issue up as a major one for the 2020 legislative session.Senate President Pro Tem Dave Schatz, R-Sullivan, told Missourinet on Wednesday that his legislation will enhance the penalties for the alleged illegal slot machines, which are also known as video lottery terminals (VLTs).They can be found in bars, restaurants, gas stations and convenience stores.Missouri’s first criminal case involving the alleged illegal slots will go to trial in December in western Missouri’s Platte County.Pro Tem Schatz says the Missouri Gaming Commission has received multiple reports of sites that have these machines. The Missouri State Highway Patrol testified in October that the number of complaints it’s received about illegal gambling has increased from 39 in 2018 to at least 145 this year.Most of those complaints are about alleged illegal slots.A Missouri House gaming committee has held five hearings since August, and the slot machine issue has dominated discussion at three of them. House Special Interim Committee on Gaming Chairman Dan Shaul, R-Imperial, predicts the slot machine issue will end up at the Missouri Supreme Court. He told the audience during an October hearing that whichever side loses the Platte County case will appeal.Schatz’s proposal will likely face some opposition. During a committee hearing last week in Jefferson City, representatives from convenience stories and restaurants testified they support legislation to allow the machines in their establishments.The company that operates 74 Break Time convenience stores in Missouri says video lottery terminals have saved convenience stores in other states.MFA Oil Company vice president James Greer of Columbia tells state lawmakers that Break Time would probably use the terminals in 25 of their 74 stores, if Missouri lawmakers approve legislation to do so.“We are open to a separate room. We are open to a cordoned-off area, we will live with whatever rule comes out of that,” Greer testifies.The co-owner of six St. Louis-area restaurants also wants Missouri lawmakers to allow the VLTs in establishments like his, saying it will help restaurants attract new customers and keep up with minimum wage increases. Webster Groves resident Chris Marshall, who co-owns Llywelyn’s Pub, testified last week before the House gaming committee, saying the machines can also help managers invest money in restaurant renovations.“In documents I have seen, the average restaurant in Illinois that has five video game machines can average additional revenue of approximately $5,000 per month,” Marshall testifies.He tells lawmakers he’s had to close a restaurant and diversify. Llywelyn’s Pub has six St. Louis locations: Soulard, Webster Groves, St. Peters, St. Charles, O’Fallon and Wildwood.But opponents say the machines are illegal and are hurting public education.The Missouri Gaming Association, which represents the state’s 13 casinos, opposes legalizing the VLTs, saying they are illegal and bypass Missouri voters.And the Missouri Lottery has testified that alleged illegal slot machines are hurting public education in the Show-Me State. Lottery executive director May Scheve Reardon testified in September, telling lawmakers there’s a major issue with the alleged illegal slots along the I-44 corridor, from St. James to Lebanon.